University Syllabus


  1. Maharashtra


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    Machine Design

    01 Mechanical Engineering Design, Design method, Aesthetic and Ergonomics consideration in design material properties and their uses in design Manufacturing considerations in design: tolerances, types of fits, selection of fits Design considerations of casting and forging Basic principles of Machine Design, Modes of failures, factor of safety , Design stresses, principles stresses, Theories of failures, Standards, IS codes , preferred series and numbers.
    02 Design against static Loads: Cotter joint, knuckle joint, turn buckle, Bolted and welded joints under eccentric loading. Power screw - screw presses along with the Frame.
    03 Design Against Fluctuating Loads Variables stresses, reversed repeated, fluctuating stresses Fatigue Failure Static and fatigue stress concentration factors Endurance limit - estimation of endurance limit Design for finite and infinite life Soderberg and Goodman design criteria Fatigue design under combined stresses.
    04 Design of shaft - power transmitting, power distribution shafts (excluding crank shaft) under static and fatigue criteria. Keys - Types of Keys and their selection based on shafting condition. Couplings - Classification of coupling Selection of Standard Bush pin coupling.
    05 Design of springs - Helical compression, tension springs under static and variable loads, Laminated Springs.
    06 Design of Belts - Flat and V belt with pulley construction selection of standard Roller Chains.
    07 Design of spur, helical, bevels and worm gears. Two stage Gear box consisting of spur and helical gear pair: design approach through system design, gear box housing layout and housing design.
    08 Selection of rolling contact bearings based on constant /Variable Load & speed conditions (includes deep groove ball bearing, cylindrical roller, taper roller and self aligning bearing).
    09 Design of hydro dynamically lubricated bearings (Self contained) Introduction to hydro Static bearings Selection of Mechanical Seals.
    10 Design of cam and follower mechanisms.
    11 Design of main components of centrifugal pump - Motor selection, Suction and delivery pipe, Impeller, Impeller shaft, Volute casing. (system design approach)
    12 Design of Snatch Block assembly including Rope selection, Sheave, Hook, Bearing for hook, cross piece, Axle for sheave and shackle plate.

    Engineering Mechanics

    01 System of Coplanar forces: Resultant of Concurrent forces, Parallel forces, Non Concurrent Non Parallel system of forces, Moment of force about a point, Couples, Varignon-s Theorem. Distributed Forces in plane. Center of Gravity and Centroid for plane Laminas.
    02 Equilibrium of system of coplanar forces: Condition of equilibrium for concurrent forces, parallel forces and Non concurrent Non Parallel general forces and Couples. Types of support, loads, Beams, Determination of reactions at supports for various types of loads on beams. Analysis of plane trusses by using Method of joints and Method of sections.(Excluding pin jointed frames)
    03 Forces in space: Resultant of Noncoplanar force systems: Resultant of Concurrent force system, Parallel force system and Nonconcurrent nonparallel force system. Equilibrium of Noncoplanar force systems: Equilibrium of Concurrent force system, Parallel force system and Nonconcurrent nonparallel force system.
    Friction: Introduction to Laws of friction, Cone of friction, Equilibrium of bodies on inclined plane, Application to problems involving wedges, ladders.
    04 Kinematics of Particle: Velocity & acceleration in terms of rectangular co-ordinate system, Rectilinear motion, Motion along plane curved path, Tangential & Normal component of acceleration, Motion curves (a-t, v-t, s-t curves), Projectile motion, Relative velocities.
    05 Kinematics of Rigid Bodies: Introduction to general plane motion, Instantaneous center of rotation for the velocity, velocity diagrams for bodies in plane motion, (up to 2 linkage mechanism)
    06 Kinetics of a Particle: Force and Acceleration:Introduction to basic concepts, D-Alemberts Principle, Equations of dynamic equilibrium, Newton-s Second law of motion.
    Kinetics of a Particle: Work and Energy: -Principle of Work and Energy, Law of Conservation of Energy.
    Kinetics of a Particle: Impulse and Momentum:-Principle of Linear Impulse and Momentum. Law of Conservation of momentum. Impact and collision.
  2. Gujarat


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    Course content
    1 Design Considerations:
    Manufacturing and assembly considerations, Design of components for casting, Welding, Forging, hot and cold working, machining, Welding etc. Thermal considerations, Wear considerations in design, Contact Stresses, Standardization and preferred numbers.
    Fatigue Loading:
    Design for fluctuating stresses, Endurance limit, Estimation of Endurance strength, Goodman-s line, Soderberg-s line, Modified Goodman-s line. Design for creep.
    2 Design of Springs:
    Classification, Spring materials and its selection, Wahls' factor and its use in design of spring, Cylindrical helical spring with axial loading, Buckling of compression spring, Design of compression spring, design of leaf spring, Design of disc springs, Concentric spring, Design of spring for static and dynamic loading.
    3 Design of Pressure Vessels:
    Classification of pressure vessels, Design of thick cylindrical and spherical shells subjected to internal pressure and external pressure, Compound cylinders subjected to internal and external pressure, Gaskets, gaskated joint, Design of interference joints - press / shrink fitted assemblies, Design of cylinder covers, Cover plates, pipes and pipe flanges for pipe joints.
    4 Power Transmissions Elements :
    Transmission of power by Belt and Rope drives, Transmission efficiencies, Design of Belts Flat and V types, Design of Ropes, pulleys for belt and rope drives, Materials, Design of Chain drives and wire rope.
    5 Design of sliding and Journal bearing:
    Method of lubrication, Hydrodynamic, Hydrostatic, boundary, etc., Minimum film thickness and thermal equilibrium, Selection of anti-friction bearings for different loads and load cycles, Design of thrust bearing, Rolling contact bearing, Ball bearing, Rolling contact bearing under variable loading, Mounting of the bearings, Method of lubrication, Selection of oil seals
    6 Design of clutches and brakes:
    Function , Classification, Material selection, Design of positive clutches, Friction clutches -cone, single, Multiple and centrifugal clutches, Design of band brake, External and internal shoe brakes, Internal expanding shoe brakes, Design of disc brakes.
    Course Contents
    1. SPUR GEARS AND PARALLEL AXIS HELICAL GEARS: Gear Terminology, Speed ratios and number of teeth, Force analysis, Tooth stresses, Dynamic effects, Fatigue strength, Factor of safety, Gear materials, Module and Face width-power rating calculations based on strength and wear considerations Parallel axis Helical Gears : Pressure angle in the normal and transverse plane, Equivalent number of teeth-forces and stresses. Estimating the size of the helical gears.
    2. BEVEL AND WORM GEARS: Straight and spiral bevel gear: Tooth terminology, tooth forces and stresses, equivalent number of teeth. Estimating the dimensions of pair of straight and spiral bevel gears. Worm Gear: Merits and demerit, - terminology, Thermal capacity, materials, forces and stresses, efficiency, estimating the size of the worm gear pair.
    3. DESIGN OF GEAR BOXES: Geometric progression - Standard step ratio - Ray diagram, kinematics layout - Design of sliding mesh gear box -Constant mesh gear box, Design of multi speed gear box.
    4. DESIGN OF I .C. ENGINE COMPONENTS: Selection of type, general design consideration, design of cylinder, cylinder liner, cylinder head, pistons, connecting rod, crank shaft, valves gears mechanism, flywheel.
    5. DESIGN OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS: Introduction: material handling equipments, classification and their selection. Concept of material handling system design. Lifting Equipments: classification and selection and design of hooks, sheaves, drums and grab buckets. Classification of cranes, construction working of different types of conveyors, feeders and elevators. Conveying equipments: classification construction and working of different types of conveyors, feeders and elevators. Design of belt conveyors, screw conveyors and vibratory conveyors.
  3. Punjab


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    Course Contents
    01 Meaning of design with special reference to machine design, definition and understanding of various types of design, design process, design and creativity, general design considerations, concept of tearing, bearing, shearing, crushing, bending and fracture.
    02 Designation of materials according to Indian standards code, basic criteria of selection of material, mechanical properties of materials.
    03 Concept of concurrent engineering in design, introduction to -Design for X- manufacturing considerations in machine design, stress concentration, factor of safety under different loading conditions, design for static loading, design for variable loading for both limited and unlimited life, concept of fatigue and endurance strength.
    04 Design of fasteners: Design of rivets for boiler joints, lozenge joints, eccentrically loaded joints. Design of spigot and socket cotter joint, gib and cotter joint and knuckle joint. Design of welded joints for various loading conditions in torsion, shear or direct loads, eccentrically loaded joints.
    05 Design of shaft and axles: Design of solid and hollow shafts for transmission of torque, bending moments and axial forces, Design of shaft for rigidity, Design of axle.
    06 Design of keys and couplings: Design of keys, design of splines, design of sleeve and solid muff coupling, clamp or compression coupling, rigid and flexible flange coupling, design of universal joint.
    07 Design of levers and links: Design of levers(foot lever, hand lever, cranked lever, bell crank lever, safety valve lever and shoe brake lever), design of link.
    08 Design of pipe joints: Stresses in pipe joints, design of pipe joints with oval flange, square flange, design of seals and gaskets.


    Course Contents
    01 Transmission Drives Belt and rope drives: Basics, Characteristics of belt drives, selection of flat belt, Design of Flat belt, V-belt and rope (steel wire), Design of the pulley for the same.
    02 Chain Drives: Basics, Roller chains, polygonal effect, power rating, selection of chain.
    03 Gear drives: Standard system of gear tooth and gear module, gear tooth failure, strength of gear tooth, terminology of spur, helical, bevel, worm and worm wheel, Design of spur, helical, straight bevel gears, worm and worm wheel
    04 Bearings Slider: Principle of hydrodynamic lubrication, modes of lubrication, Reynolds equation, bearing performance parameters, slider bearing design
    05 Roller: Types, selection guidelines, static and dynamic load carrying capacity, Stribeck-s equation, equivalent bearing load, load life relationship, selection of bearing, comparison of roller and slider bearing
    06 Design of Flywheel Introduction, Energy stored in a flywheel, stresses in a rim, design considerations
    07 Springs Types; end styles of helical compression spring; stress and deflection equation; surge in spring; nipping of leaf spring; Design of close-coil helical spring and multi leaf spring
    08 Clutches Design of contact clutches i.e. plate, multi-disc, cone and centrifugal clutches.
    09 Brakes Design of band, disc, block with shoe and internal expanding brakes.
  4. AMIE (Associate Member of the Institution of Engineers (India)

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    Group A

    Mechanical systems and elements, overall design considerations, safety, ecological and societal considerations in design. Codes for design-Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)-codes, design data handbook. Load, stress and critical sections in machine parts.

    Materials, stress-strain curves of ductile and brittle materials, cast iron, steel, non-ferrous alloys and plastics, hardness and surface properties of materials, material strength, factor of safety and allowable stress. Review of axial, bending, shear and torsional loading on machine components, combined loading, two- and three- dimensional Mohr's circle. Stresses in curved beams, thick and thin shells under pressure.

    Deflection and stability, beam deflection and column buckling. Euler's formula and Johnson's formula. Failures theories-maximum normal stress theory, maximum shear stress theory, and maximum distortion energy theory. Application to components made of brittle and ductile materials, stress concentration factor.

    Cyclic loading and fatigue failures: Reverse bending, axial and torsion loadings, effect of stress concentration, fatigue life prediction-Miner's rule, effect of surface treatments (shot-peening, surface hardening) on fatigue life of components.

    Design of threaded fasteners and power screws, thread forms and threaded fastener types and materials, power screws, bolt tightening and initial tension, static and group of bolts.

    Rivets and welding: Loading, bending, direct shear, axial and bending.

    Group B

    Design of springs: Spring materials, helical compression and extension springs, design for fatigue, loading, leaf sprints. Design of sliding bearings, bearing materials, fluid viscosity, hydrodynamic lubrication, Petroff's equation, Raimondi and Boyd chart. Heat dissipation.

    Rolling elements bearings: Types, catalogue information (Timken and SKF bearings), bearing life -radial and thrust loads. Selection of bearings. Spur, helical and worm gears, gear tooth profile, gear geometry, module, contact ratio, gear train, gear tooth bending strength, gear tooth surface fatigue analysis, gear material.

    Design of shafts, keys, pins and splines, shaft couplings. Cotter and pin joints, pipe joints, gaskets, seal and packing, cylinder joints, flanged joints.

    Clutches and brakes: Single and multiple plate clutch, constant wear and constant pressure theories for plate clutches, materials, shoe drum brakes, internal and external shoe brakes.

    Power transmission elements: Belts and chain drives, design of flat and V-belts.

  5. Karnataka state

    Visvesvaraya Technological University

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    Course Contents
      Part - A
    01 Introduction: Definitions: normal, shear, biaxial and tri axial stresses, Stress tensor, Principal Stresses. Engineering Materials and their mechanical properties, Stress-Strain diagrams, Stress Analysis, Design considerations: Codes and Standards.
    02 Design For Static & Impact Strength: Static Strength: Static loads and factor of safety, Theories of failure: Maximum normal stress theory, Maximum shear stress theory, Maximum strain theory, Strain energy theory, Distortion energy theory. Failure of brittle and ductile materials, Stress concentration, Determination of Stress concentration factor. Impact Strength: Introduction, Impact stresses due to axial, bending and torsional loads, effect of inertia.
    03 Design For Fatigue Strength: Introduction- S-N Diagram, Low cycle fatigue, High cycle fatigue, Endurance limit, Modifying factors: size effect, surface effect, Stress concentration effects, Fluctuating stresses, Goodman and Soderberg relationship, stresses due to combined loading, cumulative fatigue damage.
    04 Threaded Fasteners: Stresses in threaded fasteners, Effect of initial tension, Design of threaded fasteners under static, dynamic and impact loads, Design of eccentrically loaded bolted joints.
      Part - B
    05 Design Of Shafts: Torsion of shafts, design for strength and rigidity with steady loading, ASME codes for power transmission shafting, shafts under fluctuating loads and combined loads.
    06 Cotter And Knuckle Joints, Keys And Couplings: Design of Cotter and Knuckle joints, Keys: Types of keys, Design of keys, Couplings: Rigid and flexible couplings, Flange coupling, Bush and Pin type coupling and Oldham’s coupling.
    07 Riveted and Welded Joints – Types, rivet materials, failures of riveted joints, Joint Efficiency, Boiler Joints, Lozanze Joints, Riveted Brackets. Welded Joints – Types, Strength of butt and fillet welds, eccentrically loaded welded joints.
    08 Power Screws: Mechanics of power screw, Stresses in power screws, efficiency and self-locking, Design of Power Screw, Design of Screw Jack: (Complete Design).


    Course Contents
      Part - A
    01 Curved Beams: Stresses in curved beams of standard cross sections used in crane hook, punching presses & clamps, closed rings and links Cylinders & Cylinder Heads: Review of Lame’s Equations; compound cylinders, stresses due to different types of fits, cylinder heads, flats.
    02 Belts Ropes and Chains: Flat belts: Length & cross section, Selection of V-belts, ropes and chains for different applications.
    03 Springs: Types of springs - stresses in Helical coil springs of circular and non-circular cross sections. Tension and compression springs, springs under fluctuating loads, Leaf Springs: Stresses in leaf springs. Equalized stresses, Energy stored in springs, Torsion, Belleville and Rubber springs.
    04 Spur & Helical Gears: Spur Gears: Definitions, stresses in gear tooth: Lewis equation and form factor, Design for strength, Dynamic load and wear load. Helical Gears: Definitions, formative number of teeth, Design based on strength, dynamic and wear loads.
      Part - B
    05 Bevel and Worm Gears: Bevel Gears: Definitions, formative number of teeth, Design based on strength, dynamic and wear loads. Worm Gears: Definitions, Design based on strength, dynamic, wear loads and efficiency of worm gear drives.
    06 Clutches & Brakes: Design of Clutches: Single plate, multi plate and cone clutches. Design of Brakes: Block and Band brakes: Self locking of brakes: Heat generation in Brakes.
    07 Lubrication and Bearings: Lubricants and their properties, Mechanisms of Lubrication bearing modulus, coefficient of friction, minimum oil film thickness, Heat Generated, Heat dissipated, Bearing Materials, Examples of journal bearing and thrust bearing design.
    08 IC Engine Parts: Design of piston, connecting rod and crank shaft.


  1. Washington


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    Topics Course Contents
    Topics Covered 1. Design of mechanical components such as shafts to transmit power, springs, fasteners, etc.
    2. Selection/design of mechanical elements such as belts, chains, and bearings.
    3. Fundamentals of gears, spur, helical, bevel, and worm gear set. Their applications, advantages and disadvantages of one over the other.
    4. Design of different types of gears, spur, helical, bevel and worm set for the purpose of power transmission.
    5. Design of clutches and brakes.
    1. INDIANA


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      Topics Course Contents
      Topics Covered Meaning of design with special reference to machine design, definition and understanding of various types of design, design process, design and creativity, general design considerations, concept of tearing, bearing, shearing, crushing, bending and fracture.


      Select Stream:
      Topics Course Contents
      Topics Covered 1. Design of mechanical components such as shafts to transmit power, springs, fasteners, etc.
      2. Selection/design of mechanical elements such as belts, chains, and bearings.
      3. Fundamentals of gears, spur, helical, bevel, and worm gear set. Their applications, advantages and disadvantages of one over the other.
      4. Design of different types of gears, spur, helical, bevel and worm set for the purpose of power transmission.
      5. Design of clutches and brakes.


      Select Stream:
      Topics Course Contents
      Topics Covered Static Failure Theories, Fatigue Failure, Threaded Fasteners and Power Screws, Springs, Bearings, Gears.



    Select Stream:
    Module Code Course Contents
    ME2101 This module provides the student with the fundamental knowledge to do calculations on design components like bolts, fasteners, joints, welds, springs, gears, brakes, clutches. Other areas covered will include material selection, fatigue, bearings, shafts, as well as design mechanisms like linkages and cams. This is a compulsory module with no final exam. Assessment will be based purely on continuous assessment.


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